The Definition of Done in Agile and Scrum

By Forecast Team

In the dynamic world of Agile and Scrum methodologies, the "Definition of Done" (DoD) stands as a cornerstone concept that ensures clarity, transparency, and quality throughout the development process.

While seemingly straightforward, the Definition of Done encompasses a nuanced set of criteria that reflects the team's collective agreement on what it means for a task or user story to be truly completed. In this article, we delve into the essence of the Definition of Done, its significance, and best practices for its implementation within Agile and Scrum frameworks.

Understanding the Definition of Done

At its core, the Definition of Done represents the minimum set of criteria that must be met for a product increment, feature, or task to be considered complete and potentially shippable. It encapsulates both functional and non-functional requirements, encompassing aspects such as coding standards, testing, documentation, user acceptance, and quality assurance.

The Significance in Agile and Scrum

The Definition of Done serves several critical purposes within Agile and Scrum methodologies:

  1. Clarity and Transparency: By defining clear criteria for completion, the team gains a shared understanding of what constitutes a finished product increment. This clarity fosters transparency and aligns expectations among team members, stakeholders, and customers.
  2. Quality Assurance: The Definition of Done acts as a quality gate, ensuring that each deliverable meets predetermined standards of functionality, performance, and usability. It helps mitigate technical debt and reduces the likelihood of defects and rework down the line.
  3. Incremental Delivery: By adhering to the Definition of Done, teams can incrementally deliver value to stakeholders at the end of each sprint or iteration. This incremental approach facilitates early feedback, enables course correction, and enhances customer satisfaction.
  4. Continuous Improvement: The Definition of Done serves as a basis for retrospective discussions, allowing teams to reflect on their processes, identify areas for improvement, and refine their definition over time. It promotes a culture of continuous learning and adaptation within the team.

Best Practices for Defining the Definition of Done

To create an effective Definition of Done, teams should consider the following best practices:

  1. Collaborative Definition: Involve all relevant stakeholders, including developers, testers, product owners, and customers, in the process of defining the DoD. Foster open dialogue and consensus-building to ensure buy-in from all parties.
  2. Comprehensive Criteria: Ensure that the Definition of Done encompasses all necessary aspects of completion, including coding standards, unit testing, integration testing, user acceptance testing, documentation, and deployment readiness.
  3. Specificity and Measurability: Define criteria that are specific, measurable, and unambiguous. Avoid vague or subjective language that could lead to misinterpretation or disagreement. Use concrete examples and acceptance criteria to clarify expectations.
  4. Adaptability: Recognize that the Definition of Done may evolve over time as the team's processes, technology, and project requirements change. Regularly review and refine the DoD based on feedback, lessons learned, and emerging best practices.
  5. Consistency Across Teams: If working in a large organization with multiple Agile teams, strive for consistency in the Definition of Done across teams and projects. This alignment facilitates collaboration, standardization, and knowledge sharing.


In the realm of Agile and Scrum, the Definition of Done serves as a guiding principle that empowers teams to deliver high-quality products incrementally and iteratively. By establishing clear criteria for completion, teams enhance transparency, mitigate risks, and foster a culture of continuous improvement.

Embracing the Definition of Done as a collaborative tool enables teams to uphold standards of excellence and deliver value to stakeholders with confidence and clarity. As Agile methodologies continue to evolve, the Definition of Done remains a timeless concept that anchors teams in their pursuit of agility, innovation, and customer satisfaction.

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